Definition of social status in sociology
Social status also called status, the relative rank that an individual holds, with attendant rights, duties, and lifestyle, in a social hierarchy based upon honour or prestige. Status may be ascribed—that is, assigned to individuals at birth without reference to any innate abilities—or achieved, requiring special qualities and gained through competition and individual effort. Ascribed status is typically based on sex, age, race, family relationships, or birth, while achieved status may be based on , occupation, marital status, accomplishments, or other factors.
The word status implies social stratification on a vertical scale. People may be said to occupy high positions when they are able to control, by order or by influence, other people’s conduct; when they derive prestige from holding important offices; or when their conduct is esteemed by others. Relative status is a major factor in determining the way people behave toward each other (see ).
One’s status tends to vary with social context. For example, the position of a man in his kin group helps determine his position in the larger community. The Native American lineage, although unnamed, contains the mechanism for transmitting rights to land, houses, and ceremonial knowledge and is thus vital to personal status. Among the of Ghana, a boy who has lost his father is head of a household and therefore counts as an elder; a middle-aged man living under his father’s roof is formally a child. Status may be governed by occupational considerations; thus, in parts of sub-Saharan Africa commonly form a separate group of low status. In the Hindu system, sweepers are at the bottom of the scale because they handle excrement.
In most Western urban- industrial societies, such attributes as a respected occupation, the possession and consumption of material goods, physical appearance and dress, and etiquette and manners have become more important than lineage in determining one’s social status. Occupations in these societies tend to be graded along a continuum rather than in a rigid hierarchy.
Status is closely correlated with etiquette and morality and in many societies rises with the liberal use of wealth (see ; ). Manipulation of the wealth-status system in such cases often demands great individual effort, aggression, and chicanery.
Status groups are aggregates of persons arranged in a hierarchical social system. Such groups differ from social classes in being based on considerations of honour and prestige, rather than on economic status or power. Social stratification by status is common in premodern societies. The members of a status group interact mainly within their own group and to a lesser degree with those of higher or lower status. In some societies, or may be ranked generally as aristocrats and commoners or graded from a royal clan down to clans that are stigmatized for lowly occupation or slave origin. Perhaps the most striking manifestation of status groups is found in the system of . In Hindu villages there are usually members of a number of small endogamous groups (subcastes) based on traditional occupations, arranged from Brahmans to Untouchables. Contact with a person of lower caste (such as eating or drinking from his hands, bodily contact) pollutes the member of a higher caste and necessitates ritual purification. The age-grade system (see ) of many traditional East African societies may also resemble a status group.magic into words grade 12 magic next to me crib magic alhambra between the finger ring jmagick maven into magic shop magic quiver terraria magic johnson stats magic mixies cauldron imagica magic event magic after midlife magic off hand osrs magic under the stars houston god magic among us magic sarap made of magic synonym magic inside magic forest magic within quotes magic mike las vegas magic weapon 5e magic initiate 5e between magic and dreams magic for humans tricks explained between magic and dreams tmagicalminkz lash bar magic eye magic bucks magic quadrant gartner 2021 magic spoon cereal magic after dark atlanta k magic magic powder magic on main qmagic suction cup celtics contra magic magic mike cast until end of turn mtg rules emagic sounddiver magic nails countryside what are the 12 types of magic materia ff7 remake magic kingdom magic items 5e magic over disneyland paris magic beyond boundaries inc vmagic feminine lips stick imagica mumbai magic wireless magic tricks via text message k magic mike magic after hours houston magic xylophone magic johnson stats magic arena codes magic legends magic on youtube magic pro keyboard magic mixies magic up fita magic up synonyms vmagic feminine lips stick magic zombie deck via magic fragments vmagic cream magic for kids magic don juan outside magic sacrifice magic by pilot umagico health centre magic bucks magic mike las vegas magic alhambra between the finger ring magic eye dmagic us magic mike magic proteção contra cor magic out to lunch magic before christmas christine feehan magic on main blue magic since you've been gone lyrics magic pro shop magic of lights anaheim magic through chat bmagic1337 magic your way magic for humans magic to do magic from no limit magic eye images magic near me magic of lights vail magic shop near me magic without props umagico campground magic through heart magic as opposed to magic magic behind animal kingdom magic by the cars emagic logic audio magic shop llc magic mixies walmart magic bands disney magic since magic eraser magic in front of muggles vmagic balm befour magic melody magic quadrant gartner magic mike cast magic yarn project magic under eye cream magic vs magic cat academy opposite of magic moment magic zach magic mtgo what is a turn in magic magic beyond belief magic by pilot lyrics magic among us jmagic download magic dance magic off hand rs3 magic orlando magic before sunrise magic through chat magic from blood in blood out magic under glass even magic square algorithm magic xxl even magic square magic gif rmagic rx8 magic urn ffx magic on main street vmagic reviews what does end of turn mean in magic magic zombie smagical magic beyond words full movie magic for humans staged magic form since 1952 magic vs bird magic under the stars magic off nail remover magic like that magic through motion magic underwear magic through glass magic underwear mormon magic with dogs magic underwear mormon